Artificial intelligence still has to fight living consciousness


(pc-google images)

In today’s technology driven
world, the debate on the role of artificial intelligence is gradually heating
up. According to computer scientists Stuart Russell and Peter Norvig, the term
“Artificial Intelligence” is applied when a machine mimics ‘cognitive’
functions that humans associate with other human minds, such as ‘learning’ and
‘problem solving’.
 In contrast to artificial intelligence or AI, is
the process automation which takes manual tasks that do not need much learning
and simply mechanizes them.
Automation simply mechanizes
routine tasks. But in AI, the computer program itself learns as it goes along,
creating a database of information which themselves generate additional
computer programming code as they learn more, without the need for an army of
computer programmers. In AI speak, this is now often referred to as ‘deep
learning’.
While AI as a term is familiar to the industry, deep
learning is what’s been in the limelight lately. Deep learning is a subset of
machine learning, which in turn falls under the much broader umbrella of AI,
all of whose broad goals are to make computers do things outside of the box of
precise programmed instructions.
Deep learning refers to the use of specialised computer
programs called neural networks — computational representations of points
resembling biological neurons in the brain — stacked in (deep) layers, where
information flows between the layers. Such a program can be fed large amounts
of information — for instance, images, from which they automatically detect and
learn implicit features that they can later use to make predictions about novel
information.
While deep-learning programs are incredible feats of
engineering and promise great advancements in AI, they cannot be applied to all
problems. These programs are highly specific to their scopes and require a lot
of tuning and trial and error by humans.
While tasks, whether or not they need continuous learning, can be
automated, there is one thing that a soulless machine can never do, and that is
to have living consciousness.

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